3 Important Facts You Need to Know about Your Septic System


Your septic system is a device used to eliminate wastewater and solid materials when a public sewage system is not available. The septic system consists of a number of parts that work together to break down waste, which includes plumbing to the system, a septic tank and a drainage field. These parts work together to provide efficient removal of waste materials from your home in a safe and hygienic manner. There are a number of important points you should know about your system in order to keep it working efficiently.

1 – Anaerobic Bacteria Helps Break Down Materials in Your System
Anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that do not require exposure to air in order to live. These bacteria live in the septic system tank and digest the solid matter that drains into your septic system. Much of the waste is broken down and dissolved into the water that is drained from your home. The dissolved matter flows into the drainage field where it is further broken down into harmless materials by bacteria in the soil. The sludge that cannot be digested is stored in the tank until is removed by pumping.

2 – Your Septic System Should Be Pumped Out Periodically
Because not all of the materials that flow into the system can be broken down, stored material must be removed from the tank periodically. The Environmental Protection Agency recommends inspection of home septic systems every 3 years and pumping out of the solid sludge materials every 3 to 5 years. The amount and type of waste materials that go into your system will have a bearing on how often it will need to be pumped out.

3 – Active Measure Can Help Keep Your Septic System Functioning Well
You can help keep your septic system in good condition by inspecting the area periodically to detect obvious problems. Check for pooling water over the system area or muddy soil around the system, or in your basement. Bright green strips of grass growing over the septic field can be a sign of a problem. In addition, any odd or offensive smell coming from the septic field area should be investigated to ensure they system is functioning correctly. Avoid using a garbage disposal that can allow grease and other problem materials to clog the system. If you have a hot tub, set up a draining system that does not go directly into the septic system. Avoid draining toxic substances into the septic system. Instead take these materials to your community waste station.

A typical septic system can provide years of trouble free waste disposal without problems if it is given regular maintenance and good care. Homeowners can keep their system functioning well if they keep these 3 tips in mind.